Conventional Loans

What Is a Conventional Loan or Mortgage Loan?

A conventional loan or mortgage loan any type of home buyer’s loan and more common than government-backed financing. It is available by private lenders, such as banks, credit unions, and mortgage companies; the borrower pays its insurance and is not guaranteed by the government.

  • It is a home buyer’s loan.
  • It is not offered or secured by the government.
  • A private lender guarantees it.
  • It is secured by two government-sponsored enterprises Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae.


Who Can Qualify for Conventional Loan?

See eligibility criteria who qualify for a conventional mortgage and who is not. People with established credit qualify for conventional mortgages. The ideal candidate should have:


●       Credit Score

A credit score of at least 680 to 700 for approval.

●       Debt-to-Income

The debt-to-income ratio should be around 36% and no more than 43%.

●       Down Payment

A down payment of at least 20% of the home’s purchase price.


Who Can Not Qualify For Conventional Loan?

Those who have trouble qualifying for these mortgages are:

  • Those who are just starting in life
  • Those with a little more debt than average,
  • Those with a decent credit rating Suffered bankruptcy or foreclosure within the past seven years.
  • Credit scores below 650
  • DTIs above 43%
  • Less than 20% or even 10% of the home’s purchase price for a down payment


Types of Conventional Loans

There are two types of conventional loans:

1.     Conforming Conventional Loan

The required loan should meet the guidelines set by government-sponsored enterprises Fannie Mae or Federal National Mortgage Association and Freddie Mac or short for the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, purchase mortgages from lenders.

The most important ground rule is the loan limit of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, and It’s called baseline because of the maximum amount. For one-unit properties, the baseline loan limit was $453,100 in 2018. You can check with your lender about conforming to loan limits are for your area.


2. Non-conforming Conventional Loan

All factors about conventional loans that exceed the loan limit are considered non-conforming conventional loans. A non-conforming conventional loan known as a jumbo loan is a conventional loan that doesn’t meet the loan amount requirements and is not purchased by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. Instead, private institutions or lenders fund Non-conforming loans.


What are Eligibility Criteria for a Conventional Loan?

The first step is finding a lender. The lender will ask for documentation like tax returns, recent pay stubs, bank statements, and other extra-financial information to make sure you have a steady income. You will need a down payment to qualify for a conventional loan as little as 3% down; recommended is at least 10% down when you get a conventional loan.


What Documents Are Required To Apply for Conventional Loan?

A lender checks your liabilities and assets and can handle a down payment on the property with other up-front costs.

1.    Proof of Income

These documents will include not be limited to:

  • Thirty days of pay stubs
  • Federal tax returns of two years
  • Quarterly statement of all asset accounts
  • Two years of W-2 statements

2. Assets

You will require to show investment account statements and bank statements to prove that you have closing costs on the residence or funds for the down payment.

3. Employment Verification

Lenders desire to make sure they are lending to borrowers with a stable work history.

  • A lender wants to contact your prior employer if you have changed your job. To verify that you are still employed, the lender can call your employer and see your pay stubs.
  • Self-employed borrowers will need to provide notable additional paperwork concerning their income and business.


4. Extra Documentation

Your lender will check the copy of your driver’s state ID card or license, and potential borrowers need to complete an official mortgage application and supply required documents, current credit score, and credit history.


Interest Rates for Conventional Mortgages

Conventional loan interest rates tend to be higher than those of government-backed mortgages, such as FHA loans. This is because mortgage lenders set interest rates based on their expectations for future inflation; the supply of and demand for mortgage-backed securities also influences the rates.


Benefits of a Conventional Loan

The conventional loans are so popular, and it has diverse characteristics that make it an excellent decision for people:

  • Very Low-interest rates
  • Fastest loan processing
  • Diverse down payment options
  • Multiple term lengths on a fixed-rate mortgage
  • Discounted private mortgage insurance


How to Get an Affordable Conventional Loan?

Tip #1: Make a Commitment to putting at least 10% down.

Tip #2: Continue with a 15-year fixed-rate mortgage.

Tip #3: Make sure your loan limit is no more than 25% of your monthly take-home pay.